Russian Pronunciation Symbols

These letters have no sound on their own, but are  considered letters.

Ь (ь) – the ‘soft sign’ makes the previous letter ‘soft’.
This sign is represented as ”
Example:
соль [sol’] (salt), дочь [doch’] (daughter), семь [sем’] (seven).

Ъ (ъ) – the ‘hard sign’ indicates a slight pause between syllables.
This sign is represented as “
Example:
объект [ob”yekt] (object) , отъезд [ot”yezd] (departure), подъём [pod”yom] (climb).

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